General Terminology

Please find below general terminology which is used during class.

General terminology

Korean English
Soo Bahk Do Traditional Korean martial art
Moo Duk Kwan Name of the Organization or style
Moo Martial (prevent conflict)
Duk Virtue
Kwan School
Kwan Jang (Nim) Grandmaster
Sa Bom (Nim) Master Instructor (4th Dan and up)
Kyo Sa (Nim) Instructor (1st Dan through 3rd Dan)
Nim A term of respect similar to 'Sir' or 'Honorable'
Sun Beh (Nim) Senior member
Hu Beh Junior member
Dan Degree – holder of Midnight blue belt
Gup Grade – holder of color belt under midnight blue
Ko Dan Ja Senior Dan holder (4th Dan and up)
You Dan Ja Dan holder (1st through 3rd Dan)
Dan Bon Dan number
You Gup Ja Gup holder
Kwan Won Student member
Cho Bo Ja Beginner
Do Jang Training hall (studio)
Do Bok Training suit (uniform)
Dee Belt
Kuk Gi National flag
Kwan Gi Flag of a style or school of Soo Bahk Do
(ie. Moo Duk Kwan Gi)
Gi Cho Basic
Hyung Form
Dae Ryun Sparring
Ho Sin Sool Self-defence
Soo Gi Hand techniques
Jok Gi Foot techniques
Neh Gung Internal power or control in exercise
Weh Gung External power or control in exercise
Shim Gung Mental power or control in exercise
Mahk Kee Block
Kong Kyuk Attack
Ha Dan Low part
Choong Dan Middle part
Sang Dan High part
Ahp Front
Yup Side
Dwi Back
Cha Gi Kick
Ki Hap shout
Shi Sun Focus of eyes or direction of line of sight
Choong Shim Balance
Cap Kwon Backfist
Soo Do Knife hand
Yuk Soo Do Reverse (inside edge) knife hand
Kwan Soo Spear hand
Jang Kwon Heel of palm
O Rin Jok Right side
Wen Jok Left side
Tuel Oh Twisting

Commands during class

Korean English
Ku Ryung Counting
Ku Ryung E Mat Cho So By the count
Ku Ryung Up Shi Without count
Cha Ryut Attention
Kyung Ret Bow
Jhoon Bee Ready
Si Jak Begin
Ba Ro Return
Shio Relax (rest)
Tora Turn
Dwi Ro Tora Turn to rear
Bal Cha Gi Jhoon Bee Ready for kicking
Jin Movement
Chun Jin Forward movement
Wheng Jin Sideways movement
Hu Jin Backward movement
Yuk Jin Movement with a reverse relationship
between hand and foot
Choong Gan Jaseh Intermediate position
Dasi Again or repeat

Counting

Korean

Korean English
Ha Na One
Dool Two
Set Three
Net Four
Da Sot Five
Yuh Sot Six
Il Gop Seven
Yo Dull Eight
Ah Hope Nine
Yohl Ten

Chinese

Chinese English
Ill First
E Second
Sam Third
Sa Fourth
O Fifth
Yuk Sixth
Chil Seventh
Pahl Eighth
Gu Ninth
Ship Tenth

Additional counting

Korean English
E Ship Twenty
Sam Ship Thirty
Sa Ship Forty
O Ship Fifty
Yuk Ship Sixty
Chil Ship Seventy
Pahl Ship Eighty
Gu Ship Ninety
Baek One Hundred

Starting and closing the class

Korean English
Cha Ryut Attention
Kuk Gi Bay Ray Bow to flag
Ba Ro Return
An Jo Sit
Muk Nyum Meditation
Ba Ro Return
Sa Bom Nim Kay Kyung Ret Bow to Master instructor
Kyo Sa Nim Kay Kyung Ret Bow to Certified instructor
Sun Beh Nim Kay Kyung Ret Bow to senior member(s)
Sahng Ho Kan E Kyung Ret Bow to partner (each other)
Shim Sa Kwan Nim Ge Kyung Ret Bow to Judge or Examiner
Kwan Jang Nim Kay Kyung Ret Bow to the Grandmaster

Key concepts

Korean English
Yong Gi Courage
Chung Shin Tong II Concentration
In Neh Endurance
Chung Jik Honesty
Kyum Son Humility
Him Cho Chung Control of power
Shin Chook Tension and relaxation
Wan Gup Speed control

Anatomy

Korean English
Pahl Arm
Jok (Chinese) or Bahl (Korean) Foot
Chu Mok Fist
Mok Neck
Hu Ri Waist – Hips
Da Ri Leg
Soo (Chinese) or Sohn (Korean) Hand
Sohn Deung Upper Wrist
Pal Koop Elbow
Moo Roop Knee
Tuck Chin
Eema Forehead
Ko Whan Groin
Dan Jun Abdomen
Myung Chi Solar Plexus
In Choong Between mouth and nose
Bal Ba Dak Mit bottom of the foot
Bal Yup Koom Chi outer edge of the foot
Bal Ahp Koom Chi ball of the foot
Bal Deung instep
Bal Dwee Koom Gi heel

Dae Ryun (Sparring)

Korean English
Sam Soo Sik Dae Ryun three step sparring
II Soo Sik Dae Ryun one step sparring
Ja Yu Dae Ryun free sparring
Jua Dae Ryun sparring in a sitting position
Wa Dae Ryun sparring in a lying down position
Bong Dae Ryun stick sparring
Da Soo In Dae Ryun sparring against two or more
Kyo Deh change positions or assume partner's position
Took Soo Dae Ryun special sparring
Dan Do Dae Ryun short knife sparring
Gun Nuhn Dae Ryun non contact sparring